Hi, a friend of mine wants to get Italian citizenship jure sanguinis and asked me to get some info. All the requirements about situation of ancestors are quite clear, but I have one more question: I was told that residence in Italy is necessary BEFORE requesting citizenship, i.e. residence certificate is one of the documents that must be produced. I found no reference to this in your posts. Can someone explain me about this matter? Ciccio
There is absolutely no residency requirement for jure sanguinis citizenship recognition. Where did you get that information? Visit the website of his local consulate. Specific document requirements should be listed there.
If you are applying outside Italy and through a consulate, you must be resident in the state that the consulate has jurisdiction over. If you're applying in Italy, you must be a resident of the Comune that you ask to process your application.
You get to choose only in the sense that you choose where you reside. If you reside outside of Italy, you apply at the consulate that serves your jurisdiction. If you reside in Italy, you apply at your comune.
There are advantages and disadvantages to each approach.
There are long wait times at many consulates, but during that time you can gather your documents and address any problems. Applying in Italy sometimes goes more quickly, but that often depends on the comune and how accustomed it is to handling applications of this sort. To apply in Italy, you must legally establish residency there, and during the process, you will have to remain there.