Question re: 1922 Cable Act

Over 25 million Italians have emigrated between 1861 and 1960 with a migration boom between 1871 and 1915 when over 13,5 million emigrants left the country for European and overseas destinations.
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Question re: 1922 Cable Act

Postby jessicarucco » 24 May 2013, 15:24

Hi Everyone -

I have a question regarding naturalization prior to the 1922 Cable Act. Here is my situation:

My GGF and my GGM were both born in Italy.

They immigrated to the United States around 1900 (both on their own).

In 1905 they married each other in New York.

My GGF naturalized in 1914.

My GF was born in 1918.

Am I correct in understanding that my GGM was automatically considered naturalized because my GGF did?

Has anyone included this scenario in a "1948 Rule" court case because she would have lost her Italian citizenship through no action of her own?

Thanks in advance for any insight. :)
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Re: Question re: 1922 Cable Act

Postby jennabet » 24 May 2013, 16:08

Are you sure the 1922 Cable Act affected women who were born in Italy or only women who were born in the USA? I don't see how a US law could cause an immigrant to lose her citizenship of origin.
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Re: Question re: 1922 Cable Act

Postby jennabet » 24 May 2013, 16:16

For your info, my grand-parents were both born in Italy. They married in Philadelphia in 1920. My grand-father was naturalized in 1923 (after the Cable Act). His naturalization at that time did not affect his wife's Italian citizenship. She naturalized on her own several years later.
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Re: Question re: 1922 Cable Act

Postby jessicarucco » 24 May 2013, 17:11

Hi jennabet - thank you so much for responding. I am not sure that it affected women born in Italy, from what I am reading it seems that it only affected Americans but wanted to be sure.
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Re: Question re: 1922 Cable Act

Postby jennabet » 24 May 2013, 17:14

Jessica, if your GGM was born in Italy, I don't think you have to worry about the Cable Act.
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Re: Question re: 1922 Cable Act

Postby mler » 25 May 2013, 03:02

You are correct that your ggm was considered to be a naturalized US citizen according to US law at the time. However, based on the Italian law which took effect July 1 1912, women were no longer automatically naturalized when their husbands were, and it is the Italian law that is applicable. However, this would clearly be a 1948 case since Italian law precluded her from passing on her citizenship before that year.
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Re: Question re: 1922 Cable Act

Postby jessicarucco » 25 May 2013, 03:18

Thank you for the info about the Italian law in 1912 mler! I am waiting for the results of the index search for a naturalization record for my GGM. Her SSN was not issued until 1963 so I'm curious to see if it was around that time.
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Re: Question re: 1922 Cable Act

Postby mler » 25 May 2013, 15:35

I don't think you will find one. According to US law at the time, she became a US citizen when her husband did. There was never a need for her to naturalize unless she was confused about her status. This is one of those cases in which a person obtained derivative citizenship through naturalization without losing Italian citizenship.

As an example, my US born gm lost her US citizenship when she married my Italian gf. Her citizenship status did not change after the Cable Act, and she naturalized in 1929. In the same way, your ggm retained the citizenship she acquired through her husband's naturalization before that law was passed.

The only possible problem I can see may come in the form of the census records. If you claim that there are no naturalization records for your ggm, Italian officials may ask to see census records to confirm this. If she is listed as a citizen, Italian officials will want to know why. It's easily explained but may be a bit confusing. If you do pursue a 1948 case, your lawyer will handle this explanation for you.

Best of luck.
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Re: Question re: 1922 Cable Act

Postby jessicarucco » 25 May 2013, 15:43

Definitely good to know, and I do believe the census records do not list her as alien. Would she have been required to be a US citizen in order to be issued a ssn? She was issued one in the early sixties shortly after they started giving death benefits (I think).
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Re: Question re: 1922 Cable Act

Postby mler » 25 May 2013, 18:14

Not necessarily, but likely. If a foreigner has permission to work in the US, he can obtain a social security number. Perhaps your ggm never got one earlier because she wasn't working.
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