1st papers (Declaration of Intention to become a US Citizen) was part of Antonio's naturalization process to become a citizen.
It was a question on several of the census.
Not sure if finding Antonio's naturalization paperwork would lead you to his manifest, but it might.
As a general rule, naturalization was a two-step process that took a minimum of 5 years.
After residing in the United States for 2 years, an alien could file a "declaration of intent" (so-called "first papers") to become a citizen.
After 3 additional years, the alien could "petition for naturalization." After the petition was granted, a certificate of citizenship was issued to the alien.
These two steps did not have to take place in the same court. As a general rule, the "declaration of intent" generally contains more genealogically useful information than the "petition."
The "declaration" may include the alien's month and year (or possibly the exact date) of immigration into the United States.
From: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/natur ... ml#process
Like you, I couldn't find Filomena on any of Antonio's census records.
I did find an interesting one in Yonkers in 1930 though.
If it's your Filomena, I'm guessing it will raise more questions than it will answer.
interesting 1930 census
Home in 1930:
236 Blackford Ave
Yonkers, Westchester, New York
Head Tony Marcuccilli 52, abt 1878 IT
- 1st marriage age 23, abt 1901?
Wife Regena (Virginia? Vincenza?) Marcuccilli 40, abt 1890 IT
- 1st marriage age 19, abt 1909?
(Children born in NY & Indiana)
Fredie Marcuccilli 22
George Marcuccilli 21
Ralph Marcuccilli 18
Joseph Marcuccilli 16
Anna Marcuccilli 14
Elizabeth Marcuccilli 12
Frank Marcuccilli 10
Salvatore Marcuccilli 4
Tonny Marcuccilli 1
Joseph R Marcuccilli 1
Mother-in-law Falmaria (Filomena?) Rozzatte 76, abt 1854 IT
Note: Regina may not have been Tony's 1st wife...
I did find a possible 1893 ship manifest for Antonio, but the details just aren't complete enough to know if it's the correct one.
possible 1893 manifest
7 Jul 1893, SS Kronprinz Friedrich Wilhelm, Naples to NY
Anto. Risetta 23
- last residence Sersale
- destination NY