As a nation state, Italy has emerged only in 1871. Until then the country was politically divided into a large number of independant cities, provinces and islands. The currently available evidences point out to a dominant Etruscan, Greek and Roman cultural influence on today's Italians.
Here is my picture of my grandfather in his uniform. Sure looks like the same photographer! I just started researching his history. I have lots of his military documents from Italy also. Keep me informed what you find out about all this.
There is no information on the back of the photo. He was in the Calvary...that much I do know. My mother gave me all of his originol documents from Italy that she had in storage. I might scan them and post them.