As a nation state, Italy has emerged only in 1871. Until then the country was politically divided into a large number of independant cities, provinces and islands. The currently available evidences point out to a dominant Etruscan, Greek and Roman cultural influence on today's Italians.
By the 1900's the establishment of the unification of Italy was complete and by 1911 Italy entered into a war with Turkey in which Italy gained Eritrea, Italian Somaliland and Tripoli. Northern Italy experienced social movements at a national and local level (Southern Italy was decimated and impoverished with millions immigrating). World War 1 commenced in 1915.
The Family History Library has some local histories for towns and areas in Italy as well as your local library. Perhaps the local history of Le Marche can also provide background information about family lifestyle and the towns political environment (socialism?) in which they lived. Perhaps e-mailing "Info@italiannames.com" has a suitable reference for you. =Peter=
I have found the naming tradition used in my family. Sometimes the first born child died and the next died was given the first childs name. I have a relation that had the name' ______' he was named for his grandfather, unfortunately this child died, the next child was a son and was given the name '_______' again. In my family this name is repeated over and over through generations. Then again they can abandon the tradition as my mother's family did and just gave them names they liked.