As a nation state, Italy has emerged only in 1871. Until then the country was politically divided into a large number of independant cities, provinces and islands. The currently available evidences point out to a dominant Etruscan, Greek and Roman cultural influence on today's Italians.
Can anyone shed some light on why there were Italians in Buenos Aires? My grandmother was born there, but her parents were Belgian and Italian and came to the US in 1920 from France. So there were in Europe, then South American and back to Europe. We have many items that state she was born in Buenos Aires. Ellis Island records show them coming over from Paris, France. Thanks.
One simple explanation is that the seasons in Argentina were reversed from those in Italy, and Argentina had an agricultural economy and jobs for unskilled laborers. So if it was winter in Italy, and the peasants could not find work there, they migrated to Argentina in search of work because it was summer there. Most of the individuals who initially emigrated to Argentina were males. Some were married and left wives and children behind in Italy, while they worked there. Others ended up permanently settling there and brought their families there to live.
Many Italian immigrants ended up in Argentina because they did not qualify at the time for entry into the United States (meaning they knew no one in the US who could act as a sponsor). But many did make it to the US from Argentina at a later time.