As a nation state, Italy has emerged only in 1871. Until then the country was politically divided into a large number of independant cities, provinces and islands. The currently available evidences point out to a dominant Etruscan, Greek and Roman cultural influence on today's Italians.
I would like to track down some information regarding the Piedimonte d'Alife (Piedimonte Matese) area during WWII. I know it's near Monte Cassino - near enough, I expect, for there to have been some heavy fighting. I was wondering if anyone might know of anything specific to Piedimonte d'Alife.
You may want to PM Biff. He has great knowledge of military issues. This may not be exactly on point, but if you saw Ken Burns' recent documentary called "The War," he had a lot of footage of the battle of Monte Cassino. It may be of interest to you, if you have not seen it already. It is being rerun on PBS this month and is also available on video.
"When our 2nd Battalion captured Piedmonte (d'Alife) in mid-October 1943; about one half of the town was in shambles. It had been shelled heavily by our artillery; the Germans, as they pulled out, blew up bridges, utility installations, and anything else that might be of possible use to us; and after our arrival it was battered once more by the German artillery. This, of course, is the standard pattern in any combat area, and is the unfortunate fate of any innocent civilian population caught between advancing and retreating armies."--quoted from here
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