PROCESSETTI: These documents, first required by a Napoleonic Edict of 1808, were required by the state before a couple could get married. Some towns stopped requiring processetti at the end of the Napoleonic Era in 1815, but most Southern Italy towns continued the practice until unification circa 1865. As Italysearcher pointed out, processetti include the birth certificates of the bride and groom. Each particular situation determined what additional documents were required. In its simplest form â€“ when all of the parents of the couple to be married were alive and present in the town to consent in person to the marriage â€“ the processetti would include just the bride and groom's birth extracts and the pubblicazioni posted in anticipation of the marriage. In the most extreme case (where all of the parents were deceased), processetti would include the bride and groom's birth extracts, the parent's death extracts, the grandparent's death extracts, and the pubblicazioni. In addition, the death extracts of any deceased spouse would also be included. However, in the case of multiple spouses, only the last spouse's death extract would be included. Finally, certain other extracts and notary records might be included, such as the consent of an absent father, adoptions, the recognition of a child once abandoned to the ruota di proietti, notarized statements of paternity or death where the relevant civil record could not be found, etc. A virtual gold mine for genealogists! Different towns enforced these requirements differently. All of the required death extracts were not always required or presented. For example, only the grandfather's death extracts would be included in some towns.
Pubblicazioni (aka notificazioni) are the equivilent of modern marriage banns. They were usually posted two times before the marriage. If either one of the parties was born in a different comune, then pubblicazioni were also posted in that comune. I've found pubblicazioni particularly valuable in such cases, since what might appear to be a dead end in one comune can be traced to and continued in the comune where the marriage took place.