Thanks for your reply. My husband is first generation American and still visits this region because his grandparents never left it. I know what town to go to in order to get birth and death certificates. We are able to go there personally and request this information.
however, what we are looking for are military records. I should have specified that in the original posts. I would think the Italian government keeps records for WWII military service versus individual towns? But I don't know this for certain. I've read on this Forum information about various military districts that have military records versus one location like we have in America. But I don't know what military district the Istrian region of Croatia would fall under. Or if Croatians from this region would have fallen under Trieste jurisdiction.
Normally, Italian military records are held by the provincial archives for the province which includes (or once did include) the place of birth of the person you are interested in. So, for example, for someone born in Padova, you would write to Archivio di Stato di Padua.
send e-mail to Archivio di stato di Trieste at firstname.lastname@example.org and ask them if military records for Italian Army soldier in Croaita can be requested from their military archives offices. Give them name of town in croatia (or Italian version of name).
If you do not know Italian then write in simple english short sentences. =Peter=
So that i understand, your grandparents were born in the region that is now Croatia? They were born when Italy controlled Croatia? if they were born in what is now Croatia, I would look for their information at the parish where they were attending church.
You should be able to find the information at the parish in Croatia. The church records will remain with the parish, they will not be shipped back to Italy. Many of the small parishes have great records and are very helpful.